If there’s one thing you could accuse Le Corbusier of, it’s thinking big. Whether it’s the simple and stark Villa Savoye in France or the towering government buildings of Chandigarh, India, his Brutalist designs are defined by purity, hierarchy and centralism.

An advocate of function over form, Le Corbusier once famously stated “the house is a machine for living.” This Swiss-French architect, designer, painter and urban planner would become one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture, and his ideas have lasting implications for the contemporary city.